Contents (PVS)

1. Introduction
2. Binocular rivalry and stereoscopy in bioptical art
3. Bioptical effects, definitions
4. Bioptical means for psychotherapy
5. Laboratory hall for visual therapy
6. Aspects relative to the applications of plastic arts in psychotherapy
7. Psychodrom
8. About interpretations or exegeses by means of bioptics
9. About a didactic experiment in bioptical art
10. Space - time - colour
11. Contributions
12. Visual-sense-storming
13. Visual binarity
14. Some additions and resumptions on the bioptical composition
15. Psychical satiety in affectivity

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Fine Art and psychodrome

The Paired off Visual Signal   Liviu Iliescu

"Psychodrome", in my opinion, is the most appropriate designation for a monumental ensemble meant to give scope to Man's aspirations for getting in touch with the outer world, by means of sensory pathways. That monumental complex shall provide areas for interhuman communications by means of emotions, mediated by bioptical techniques.
My proposal has originated in an enigmatic sketch by sculptor Constantin Brancusi.
I shall provide a brief presentation, hoping to stimulate the imagination of artists and architects (creators, in general), to create new forms in consonance with the stimuli of the universe. Material forces might be made to cooperate to bring down on earth some stars, which are spending their light in silence, to signal their presence in absurd distances.
Theme for architects and artists
Four dimensions and in the inner universe one might add the immaterial floating colour of the bioptical and a fundamental space toward the Mystery. The Hubble telescope, the eye from the firmament, sees farther the presence of matter, but among the galaxies and beyond them there are feelings experienced in space towards the Divinity.
Stonehenge, stone blocks, set in order and organized in signs for life, on which only the words of Silence are inscribed. Among them, the space towards the Divinity is present for ever.
This Hubble of the beginnings, of the supreme efforts, where they saw the sun and the stars and had life experiences in the space towards the gods, in the space where they brought as supreme offering the blood of the dearest creatures born from their own flesh and blood.
What were Brancusi's feelings when he explained his sketch, by calling it "Relativement tel que moi"?
The Psychodrome together with Hubble require insignificant efforts, as compared to the supreme efforts made for total destructions, to introduce the absurd vacuum in the space towards the Divinity.

Fig. 7.1

Fig. 7.2

Fig. 7.3

The PSYCHODROME has two components:
- Psycho-A, that is functional statuary forms, liable to capture, amplify and reproduce stimuli from the outer world.
- Psycho-B, that is a group of areas comprising facilities for bioptical images for interhuman communications by means of sensory pathways.
The idea of creating a functional monumental complex for the capture, amplification, and reproduction of stimuli from the surrounding world has originated in an enigmatic drawing by Constantin Brancusi, entitled "Relativement, tel que moi" (figure 7.1), which may be translated by "In a way, this is my self". The upper triangle gathers aethereal fluids from above and by means of concentric circles focuses them on a central point, which symbolizes the self.
The following suggestions have started from the idea of collecting multisensorial stimuli from nature, in order to concentrate them in a unique place, fit for getting in touch with the universe.
In cloudless nights, a viewer standing on the look-out platform, has the star-studded sky above him and underneath, the images of one star mirrorred by the reflectors of the amphitheatre and the bright spot of the central table. He is sure to feel lonely in the midst of the Universe, as if he were in the proximity of a galaxy. The monument should also comprise outstanding specimens of the human creation... To be sure, unimpeded creation has soared to artistic peaks. Yet, fragments of the laws of the Universe, emphasized by unique representations, evoking stimuli for inner responses - either petrified in the form of amphitheatre or columns, or time-modulated (optical, sonorous effects) - are also leading to climaxes which decisively contribute to the widening of the spiritual domain.
This monumental ensemble (figures 7.2 and 7.3), devoted to contact the outer world, comprises: a table (1) made of hard (maybe opalescent) material, with a polished surface (with calculated concavity), aimed at reflecting heavenly bodies; an amphitheatre (2), with several tiers disposed in a circle or ellipsoid (boasting elements with white edges and dark surfaces); a sloping surface shaped like a triangle (3) and farther, to the southwest, a wooded area; an arched structure (4) with a look-out platform (5), hanging over the architectural ensemble to watch effects resulting from the described elements.
On the upper part of the amphitheatre, there may be placed columns (if they are architecturally suitable) or at least some salient structures with reflector elements.
Reflector optical systems, scattered throughout the amphitheatre in a spiral-like arrangement, will simultaneously reflect a certain star, at certain calculated moments. Onlookers will have the impression that a galaxy is shining on the earth.
The arched structure (4) comprises groups of prisms (6) projecting coloured images, "painted by the very sun", on certain spots of the monumental complex. The arched structure is also endowed with organ pipes (7) for Aeolian music, whose sounds may be randomly modulated by wind-operated flaps. This music is amplified by a concave-ellipsoidal sonorous mirror (8), while a paraboidal sonorous mirror (9) is designed to collect "the whispers of the world". Other solid optical items, specially calculated and mounted in the look-out platform of the arched structure, impart an impression of "floating" to the viewer who looks through them at certain mosaic or sculptural elements (10).
Protection lightning-rods (11) are supplemented by others, which provide a genuine display of corona-like luminescent electric discharges, likely to be seen during storms and especially by night.
To carry out this project, a wide team of engineers, architects, painters, sculptors, astronomers etc., is necessary.
When designing the monumental ensemble, a functional small-case model should be made at first. A pilot station will then be erected, to test the components aimed at capturing and amplifying the stimuli from nature.
Special areas arranged within the monumental complex are sheltering exhibitions of plastic arts, including bioptical compositions (paintings and sculptures), worked out by means of the techniques described in other chapters.
PSYCHO-A and PSYCHO-B make up the so-called PSYCHODROME, which may be a complex ensemble, a place for contemplation, meditation, getting closer to God, both by enhancing the relationship between Man and the Universe and by arousing latent emotions, stimulated by bioptical means.
Irrespective of the religion by which man acknowledges the divine in the surrounding world and in himself, irrespective of the supreme being he worships, no matter whether he prays in a temple, cathedral or mosque, places which will always be hallowed for him, he may still come here, in this new monumental complex, like a pilgrim, to meditate on the miracle of his existence.
The contemplation of the outer universe and the awakening of latent sensitivities do no harm to religious feelings or to worship places, as each religion in part remains eternal.
The psychodrome could turn into a place for joint worship, acquiring different attributes and meanings, according to the interpretation of revelations by each religion. In this respect, the psychodrome may become a temple for the 3rd millennium.
Frithjof Schuon, Despre unitatea transcedentala a religiilor, Ed. Humanitas, 1979.[ The Transcendent Unity of Religions, 1953] A corollary to the subject-matter presented in that book may be the synaesthetic plurifunctional complex called by us "Psychodrome". Seeking by means of affective paths in the outer and inner universe might get us even closer to a econciliation with our non-being.
Moreover, atheists or people who reject any connection between the psychodrome and their places of worship, may find here a place to meet long forgotten forms of the universe.
It may also be incribed among special means for psychotherapy.

Direcţia Judeţeană Dolj pentru Cultura, Culte şi Patrimoniul Cultural National

This Directorate launched a national model-sculpture contest in the year 2001 for a monument with the title Brancusi.
I participated with sketches and references to my publications.
The Directorate displayed on Google at the address:  relativement tel que moi constantin brancus the following:
Constantin Brancusi
(1876-1957) is the father of modern sculpture. He expressed reality in idealized forms. The author of Bioptical Art suggest the creation of a monumental complex starting from a sketch entitled Relativement tel que moi, made by Brancusi at the end of his life.

Brancusi intended to achieve a monumental sculpture, aimed at symbolizing the concentration of the outer world within man`s inner world.
This bivalence of the "existing" and of the meaning of "being" induced Liviu Iliescu, the author of Bioptical Art, to transpose Brancusi intention in a monumental complex, a PSYCHODROME, apt to capture stimuli from the PSYCHO-A universe stimuli and the stimuli of human intercommunication, by means of emotional ways, PSYCHO-B (see the chapter on the PSYCHODROME, figures 36, 37, 38, 39 and reproduction R14).
The author takes part in the Contest for projects of statuary compositions aimed at Commemorating Constantin Brancusi.
He presents:
- Brancussi`s The beginning of the world with "Endless Columns, The Cock and Maiastra"

(Liviu Iliescu : graphic synthesis - sketches )


Stonehenge is a prehistoric monument located in the English county of Wiltshire, about 8 miles (13 km) north of Salisbury. One of the most famous prehistoric sites in the world, Stonehenge is composed of earthworks surrounding a circular setting of large standing stones. Archaeologists believe the standing stones were erected around 3200 BC (wikipedia)


Named after the trailblazing astronomer Edwin P. Hubble (1889-1953), the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) is a large, space-based observatory which has revolutionized astronomy by providing unprecedented deep and clear views of the Universe, ranging from our own solar system to extremely remote fledgling galaxies forming not long after the Big Bang 13.7 billion years ago. (wikipedia)